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Mandalay Attractions

Overview of Mandalay

Mandalay was founded by King Mindon in 1859, and was the last capital of an independent Burmese kingdom, annexed by the British in 1885. The city was built at the foot of Mandalay Hill; it was prophesied by the Lord Buddha that this spot would become a ‘Metropolis of Buddhism’ on the 2,400th jubilee celebration of the founding of Buddhism.

In January 1857 the king issued a proclamation to establish a new kingdom (and city) to fulfill the prophecy. The royal city of Amarapura was moved by teams of elephants in July 1858 to the new site at the foot of Mandalay Hill. The new city was called Yadanabon Naypyidaw, but in the Pali language it was known as Ratanapura, the ‘City of Gems.’ Its name was later changed to Mandalay, after the hill rising above it.

When the British captured Mandalay in 1885, King Thibaw and his queen, Supayalat, fled to exile in India. The palace and fort were re-named Fort Dufferin, with the palace used for housing British and Indian troops. Many of the palace’s treasures were looted by the troops; and some of the most important pieces were sent to England where they can be seen in the Victoria and Albert Museum today.

During WWII, Mandalay was captured by the Japanese in May 1942. The occupying forces turned the palace and fort into a supply depot, which suffered significant damage from British bombing raids during the liberation of the city in early 1945. It wasn’t until the 1990s that a replica of the original palace was completed.

Since 1990, the country has been under the direct control of the military junta which refused to acknowledge the results of the free democratic elections of 1989. Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy party (NLD) won the election by a landslide; however, she and many leaders of the democratic movement have been under house arrest for the bulk of the time since the elections.

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The Black Dough Called Mont Kalar Mei

The Black Dough Called Mont Kalar Mei

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The royal Naval Expedition of A.D. 1841 via the brimful Ayeyawaddy River and also by land as recorded in the Great Royal Chronicle of the Konbaung Dynasty Vol. III was a grand flotilla and parade combined with 15,000 men, 320 war elephants, some 500 steeds and ...

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Mandalay Palace

Located in Mandalay, Myanmar, the Mandalay Palace is the royal palace of King Mindon and King Thibaw – the last two kings of the Burmese monarchy. The palace was built in 1857 but was destroyed once in the World War II. During that time, only the royal mint and ...

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Pyin Oo Lwin

Considered as the Myanmar’s Highland City of Flowers, Pyin Oo Lwin (formerly Maymyo) is a scenic hill town in Mandalay Division, Myanmar. It is located in the Shan Highland, about 67 kilometers east of Mandalay and 1070 meters above the sea level. Pyin Oo Lwin ...

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Myingyan

Myingyan is a city and district in the Mandalay Division of central Myanmar, previously, it was a district in the Meiktila Division of Upper Burma. It is currently the capital of Myingyan Township and lies along the National Highway 2. As of 2002, the city had ...

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Mandalay

Mandalay is Myanmar’s second-largest city and the former royal capital of the Burmese kingdom. The city is modernising rapidly, due to an influx of Chinese money and businessmen, and while facilities are improving the charm of old Mandalay is receding. A good ...

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